Photo Of The Day
The Photo Of The Day credit goes to 3/C Matthew McDonald, a Marine Engineering major from Quincy, MA.
Anchoring Drills- Deck
We are currently in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, performing anchoring drills. It is important we have multiple practice drills because dropping the anchor can be very dangerous so making sure people know what to do is crucial. The marine transportation side of anchoring drills is very different than the engineering side.
The four divisions are divided into two teams, gold and blue. The blue team started on the bridge today while the gold team was on the bow. The first step that needed to be done was to bring the ship into the anchorage spot. They find the spot by using the Electronic Information Display System, the radars, and bearings. While they are finding the perfect spot, they need to focus on the ship’s speed because if you are going too fast, it could cause problems dropping the anchor. The usual speed is ½ knot astern.
While the blue team is performing all of that, the gold team is preparing the bow. The gold team uses a big winch called the wildcat, to lower and raise the anchor. They start by walking the anchor out of the hawsepipe to the water’s edge. They then rest the anchor on the brake and then disengage the wildcat.
A 1/C cadet in charge of the anchor drill communicated with the engine room.
Once the team on the bridge informs the bow of how many shots they want released, you release it. Releasing the anchor also releases the brake the anchor was resting on. There is a 1/C cadet in charge on the bridge and on the bow, they are in constant communication. The senior on the bridge tells the senior on the bow what they want, and the bow delivers it. The 1/C on the bow is consistently reading the strain and direction of the chain. This is important because if the chain has too much strain on it, it can snap. Anchors are very expensive so I don’t think Captain Campbell would like that very much. While I was on the bridge, it was very tense. Anchoring can be stressful for the 1/C cadets but they seemed to handle the pressure very well. Captain Campbell was giving helpful directions and coaching the senior in charge. Overall, I felt that each time we had anchored, it was better than the last.
The cadets listened intently as Captain Campbell gave them advice prior to the start of the first anchor drill. They were eager to soak up the knowledge that he has gained from his years of experience.
Anchoring Drills- Engine Room
The engine room has a little less to do than the rest of the ship when it comes to anchoring drills but without them, we wouldn’t be able to anchor anywhere. Their job starts when they receive the engine order telegraph (EOT) from the bridge. This is just letting the engine room know what speed they want the ship to be at when they are maneuvering.
No, this isn't the TS Kennedy !and that is NOT Captain Campbell! This photograph was taken on Titanic over a century ago. It shows an engine-order telegraph (EOT) built by Messrs. J. W. Ray and Company. The photograph was taken on the port side of Titanic’s bridge. It is believed that this is Captain Smith explaining the EOT to a young boy.
This is the Bell Book that is used in the Engine Room during the anchor drills. The circle symbol means stop. The number of vertical lines (called flags) indicate the speed. Flags on the left indicate astern. Flags on the right indicate ahead. For the Kennedy, full speed ahead is 60 RPM. RPM means the speed of the propeller in revolutions per minute. The pitch of the propeller indicates how far forward the ship should move in one revolution.
Once they receive this, the engine room starts turning the astern and ahead wheels to control the ship’s throttles. This part is what controls the speed of the ship. In order to make sure they are at the bridge’s requested speed, they watch the pressure gagues and RPM gauge located on the shaft. That is mainly what the engine room does during the anchoring drills.
Every licensed teacher at MMA stresses the importance of these drills because anchoring doesn’t happen each day making it less common practice and more likely to cause injury.
Grade 5 - 12 Followers: Want to learn more about the engine room telegraph?
Click on one of these links.
Engineer's Bell Book: http://www.tpub.com/engine3/en33-24.htm
The Basics Of Engine Order Telegraph:
This photo shows the throttles that cadets used in the engine room during the anchor drills.
Utility is one of the four main jobs as well as maintenance, watch, and training. There are certain utility bills for the cadets to follow. One of the jobs on utility is called scullery. Scullery is ensuring that the mess deck is clean. That could include, washing dishes from meals like baking pans or pots, sweeping and moping the floors or simply picking up some leftover dishes from tables. There are fifteen cadets on scullery, all with different jobs. I talked with 2/C Rachel Gardner (Bourne, MA) about her job on scullery today.
She said she was responsible for moving 30 boxes of hotdog and hamburger rolls from the freezer to another study lounge to ensure easy access for tomorrow’s "surprise".
On top of this, she also took out the trash in the entire mess deck and kitchen.
Rachel said that the cadets washing the dishes wear plastic aprons and bright orange rubber gloves. She compared it to the musical, Annie. They make the mess deck "shine like the top of the Chrysler Building".
Rachel, this one is for you!
(Picture the cadets swabbing the Kennedy's Mess Deck when you enjoy this classic!)
Today On The TS Kennedy:
When you're out to sea, you can't call a plumber. Today, cadets worked on the plumbing system near the Quarterdeck.
No, 1/C Colin Barron (Johnstown, PA) and 4/C Davis Matthieu (Mattapoisett, MA) weren't just soaking up the sun. They also watched two 3/C cadets using a wire wheel to chip paint off of a fire box.
Would you like to learn about how a wire wheel can be used to remove paint? Check out this video.
And Now, A Few Shout Outs To Our Followers...
3/C Matthew McDonald sends a high-five to F. W. Parker School and Clifford Marshall Middle School in his hometown of Quincy, MA...1/C Colin Barron sends some Puerto Rico sunshine back to Bloomsburg Middle School, Garrettford Middle School, Episcopal Academy, and Rose Tree Elementary School in his home state of Pennsylvania...2/C Rachel Gardner sends a wave to Upper Cape Cod Technical High School, Bourne Middle School, Peebles Elementary School, and Bournedale Elementary School in her hometown of Bourne, MA...4/C Davis Matthieu sends thanks back to Center School back in his hometown of Mattapoisett, MA.